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What is Religion? - Doctrine Of Necessity

What is Religion?

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  1. Religion: What is it and why does it exist?
  2. Major Religions of the World:
  3. Christianity
  4. Islam
  5. Hinduism
  6. Buddhism
  7. Sikhism


Religion: What is it and why does it exist?

Religion is a set of beliefs about the nature of the universe, humanity, and God or gods. It often involves rituals and ethical codes that dictate how followers should live their lives. People have practised religion for thousands of years, and it continues to be an important part of many cultures around the world. Religion is often thought of as a belief in a higher power or the supernatural. However, religion is more complex than that. It is an organized system of beliefs, traditions, and practices that relate to the sacred. Religion also shapes our values, perspectives, and behaviours. It can provide us with a sense of community and belonging, and give us a framework for making sense of the world around us.

 Religion is a system of beliefs and practices based on the teachings of a founder or holy book. Its purpose is to bring people closer to God or a higher power. There are many different religions, each with its own customs and rituals. Some of the world’s major religions include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.

Major Religions of the World:

There are an estimated 4,200 religions in the world, and these can be categorized into a small number of major groups. The five largest and most influential religions in the world are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.


Christianity is by far the largest religion in the world, with over 1.2 billion followers. The Christian faith is based on the belief in one God who created the world and all that exists in it. Christians believe in the Bible as the authoritative source of religious teachings and follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christianity teaches that there is one God who created the world and all that exists in it. Christians believe in the Bible as the authoritative source of their religious beliefs. They also believe that Jesus was sent by God to save humanity from sin. Christians are called to follow Jesus’s example by living a life of love, forgiveness, and service to others.




Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. It began in Arabia and quickly spread throughout the Middle East. Islam teaches that there is only one God and that Muhammad is his prophet. Muslims believe in the Quran, which they consider to be the word of God. They also believe in the Hadith, which are the sayings and deeds of Muhammad. Islam has many different schools of thought, but all Muslims believe in the Five Pillars of Islam: faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage.

Hindu Religion

Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It is also one of the most diverse, with many different sects and schools of thought. Hinduism originated in India, and its scriptures are written in Sanskrit.
Hinduism is a complex religion with many different beliefs and practices. Hindus believe in karma, which is the belief that our actions have consequences in this life and in future lives. Hindus also believe in reincarnation, which is the belief that we are reborn into new bodies after we die.
One of the main goals of Hinduism is to achieve moksha, which is liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Hindus believe that this can be achieved through yoga, meditation, and other spiritual practices.


Buddhism is one of the oldest and most influential Eastern religions in the world. Founded by Siddhartha Gautama, Buddhism is based on teachings that focus on understanding life’s impermanence and suffering through spiritual development and enlightenment. The core principles of this ancient faith are contained within a vast body of scriptures known as the Tripitaka or “Three Baskets” which consist of thousands of works from both Theravada and Mahayana traditions.

This religion promotes an ethical code based on five precepts – abstaining from harming living beings, taking what is not given, engaging in sexual misconduct, speaking falsehoods and using intoxicants such as alcohol or drugs to excess. Additionally, Buddhists seek to cultivate certain mental qualities such as compassion, renunciation, mindfulness, wise reflection and equanimity.

Sikh Religion

Sikhism is a prominent monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of South Asia during the 16th century. This faith is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and believes in one omnipresent, formless God. Sikhism has a strong emphasis on justice, equality and service to humanity, as well as opposing all forms of superstition, idolatry and religious oppression. The tenets of this religion include daily prayer and meditation to foster spiritual development.

The primary text for Sikhs is the Guru Granth Sahib which contains over 6,000 hymns composed by various Sikh Gurus and other saints from different religions like Hinduism and Islam. It also includes teachings about moral conduct and social justice rooted in an egalitarian worldview which calls for an end to caste discrimination.

Source: Major World Religions: From Their Origins To The Present by Lloyd Ridgeon.2003

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